Critically discuss the extent to which positive emotions can be said to have beneficial and/or harmful effects on people? Pinpoint three areas in your daily life that positive emotions can have beneficial and/or harmful effect. How do these three areas impact your overall psychological health?
Positive emotion has positive valence. Positive emotion is positive and positive. Many researchers have given a specific description or definition to positive emotions, "positive emotions are the kind of good feelings you get when things go well and you want to smile." "Positive emotions are a unique instant response to something meaningful to the individual, a temporary pleasure." It is believed that "positive emotion is associated with the satisfaction of a certain need, usually accompanied by the subjective experience of pleasure, and can enhance the person's enthusiasm and activity ability". The cognitive theory of emotion is that "positive emotion is the feeling of making progress in the process of goal achievement or receiving positive evaluation from others". From the perspective of discrete emotion theory, positive emotions include joy, happy, contentment, interest, pride, gratitude and love. Happiness is when the situation is evaluated as safe and familiar, or the event is understood as the personal goal to achieve progress and the realization of the emotional feelings; Satisfaction refers to the feeling caused by the acceptance and care of others. If the situation is evaluated as safe, highly determined and low-paying, it will lead to satisfaction. Interest is when the individual skills of consciousness and environmental challenge match perception of pleasure and close feeling, when the situation is the evaluation for safe, novel and change, mysterious, and a feeling of difficulty will cause interest; Pride is a positive experience when a goal is successfully achieved or evaluated as a success. Therefore, in a nutshell, positive emotions are positive emotions, which are the emotions that arise when individuals are stimulated by external stimuli or events that meet individual needs.
The three areas are discussed as Positive emotions can improve subjective well-being, positive emotional expression can promote mental health and positive emotions are good for recovery.
弗雷德里克森積極情緒擴展與建構理論也認為積極情緒可以構建個人資源，包括物質資源（如技能、健康）、智力資源（知識、心智理論和執行控制）、人力資源（友誼、社會支持、人際關系等）。網絡）和心理資源（心理彈性、樂觀、創造性）。這些資源包括個人內部的資源，如增強的精神和身體彈性，以及個人資源，如增強的社會聯系，有助于積極參與?；樾髂芄菇ǜ鎏逍睦磣試?，為個體的社會適應提供更有利的條件，提高個體的社會適應能力。此外，積極應對社會事件，為個人爭取更廣泛的社會資源創造條件，為密切的社會關系創造條件。從個體發展的角度來看，積極的情緒對個體的健康成長也非常重要。在積極的情緒狀態下，年輕人經歷了更多的游戲和探索，個體資源的自然增長是可持續的。從進化論的角度看，積極情緒的博弈和探索提高了青年人應對周圍環境的能力，提高了青年人的生存機會。Fredrickson positive emotions extension and construction theory also think positive emotions can build individual resource, including physical resources (such as skills, health), intellectual resources (knowledge, theory of mind and executive control), human resources (friendship, social support networks) and psychological resources (psychological resilience, optimistic, creative). These resources include resources within the individual, such as enhanced mental and physical resilience, and individual resources, such as enhanced social connections, which are conducive to active participation. The positive emotion can construct the individual psychological resources, and prepares the more favorable conditions for the individual's social adaptation to improve the individual's social adaptability. In addition, it creates conditions for individuals to strive for more extensive social resources and create conditions for close social ties by actively coping with social events. From the perspective of individual development, positive emotion is also very important for the healthy growth of individuals. In the state of positive emotions, young people experience more games and explore, and the natural growth of individual resources is sustainable. From the perspective of evolution, the game and exploration of positive emotions increase the ability of young individuals to cope with the surrounding environment and improve the chances of survival of young individuals.
Positive emotions, generally considered to be not accompanied by specific action trends, are only accompanied by general activation, such as pleasure and pleasure accompanied by aimless activation; Interest and pay attention to the orientation, individual interest caused a hope to study and explore or involved in feelings and by integrating new information to the self and gain new experiences for the object and others; Satisfaction is associated with a relaxed state. Despite the positive emotion is not associated with a particular action trend, do not have the concrete action, but the positive emotions can produce a kind of common action to activate, is close to or bias, the continuity of the positive emotions can promote activities. In positive mood state, individuals keep reaching and explore new things, keep active connections with the environment.
Positive emotions promote physical health mainly because positive emotions can improve people's immune system function, which is mainly reflected in the study of subjective well-being and laughter and humor (Szczygie?, & Mikolajczak, 2017). Numerous studies have shown that people experience of subjective well-being can affect the person's immune system to influence people's health, compared with those who lack of subjective well-being, a subjective well-being experience more people, the immune system work more effectively, more can ensure people's health. About laughter and humor research shows that laughter can increase a person's positive emotions and increase the improvement of immune system function, and, more importantly, the improvement of the immune system function is through positive emotions to regulate the subjective experience, especially for the old man. This suggests that the positive emotions generated by this behavior can promote health. Humor associated with laughter is more often seen as a cognitive structure. People often use humor to cope with the stresses of life, and people who use humor to cope with stress are more likely to have a positive mood. In addition, foreign a lot about the nun's research shows that positive emotions is conducive to longevity, the study found that people with positive emotional experience.
Positive emotions to cancel the effect not only on the cancellation of the physical arousal, at the same time also on negative emotions caused by the narrow thinking activity sequence is revoked, the thinking activity sequence recovered to normal level, can relieve tension caused by negative emotions. Although the research of this aspect is not directly support, but research shows that individuals with higher leels of subjective report positive emotions showed a more flexible and more constructive ways to cope with the situation, show the more abstract and more sustainable level of thinking. The study also showed that participants who participated in the humor intervention were compared with the control group and reported significantly lower levels of anxiety and depression.
Positive emotions expanded the psychological activity space, expanded the individual moment thinking activity sequence, and the expansion of the psychological activity space to increase the individual was a meaningful event for sex, which increases the chance to experience positive emotions and possibilities. Positive emotional experience not only promoted the challenge to alleviate the negative emotions, and the repeated experience positive emotions, increase the elasticity of individual psychological, improve the quality of the social relations, to enhance the subjective well-being of the individual. "Emotional experience sampling method" is used to study also suggests that report positive emotions in daily life or mood is higher than that of negative emotion or state of mind of individuals with higher mental flexibility, more dynamic, live more happiness.